In AD 750–1100 Changsha was a major commercial hub, and its population increased greatly.
Changsha is the capital of Hunan Province in south-central China, located on the lower reaches of the Xiang River, a branch of the Yangtze River. Changsha was important from the time of the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC). Under the Qing dynasty, from 1664, it was the capital of Hunan province, and it was a major rice market. It was besieged during the Taiping Rebellion but never fell. Changsha was the site of Mao Zedong’s conversion to communism. It was the scene of major battles in the Sino-Japanese War of 1937–45 and was briefly occupied by the Japanese. Rebuilt since 1949, the city is now a major interior port and a commercial and industrial center.
Colleges and universities
Changsha was the seat of many ancient schools and academies.
- Hunan University
- Central South University
- National University of Defense Technology
- Changsha University of Science and Technology
- Hunan Agricultural University
- Hunan Normal University
- Hunan First Normal University
- Hunan College of Traditional Chinese Medicine (湖南中医学院)
- Changsha University
- Changsha Medical University
Changsha travel place to visit
Although not as ancient a capital city as Beijing, Nanjing or Xian, Changsha also has rich historical heritages including old wall remains, tomb sites, religious temples and buildings. What earns the city its reputation among visitors are two things. One is a great man in recent history, ChairmanMao Zedong and the other is Yuelu Academy, a time-honored academic school perched on the scenic Yuelu Mountain. Originally built in 976 during the SongDynasty, the academy school survived through the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynastie sand is considered to be the cradle of Huxiang Culture. (simply means the culture school in Hunan Province).
Mt. Shaoshan, about 130 kilometers south-west of Changsha is the hometown of Chairman Mao Zedong. Today, the village has become a memorial place for Chinese people to remember this extraordinary man. People erected a statue of the Chairman and have preserved the houses he lived as a tourist site. A museum and other memorial spots in the scenic area create a kind of solemn atmosphere. Many Chinese come to pay respect and visit here during the memorial days.
The Yuelu Academy is on the east side of Yuelu Mountain in Changsha. As one of the four most prestigious academies over the last 1000 years in China, Yuelu Academy has been a famous institution of higher learning as well as a centre of academic activities and cultures since it was formally set up during the Northern Song dynasty. The academy was converted into Hunan Institute of Higher Learning in 1903. It was later renamed Hunan Normal College, Hunan Public Polytechnic School, and finally Hunan University in 1926.
Located in the center of Xiang River opposite to Changsha City, the Orange Island is the biggest in land island that is surrounded by water in the world. The Xiang River runs smoothly around the island with the seagulls flying in spring and verdant orange trees turning green in summer and autumn, and there is a bridge from Xiang jiang Grand Bridge leading to the island directly with the willows and the stone balusters on the bank.
Mount Yuelu is located on the west bank of Xiang River in Changsha, Hunan, China. Its main peak and the highest point, Yunlu Peak, is about 300 meters above the sea level. Mount Yuelu is noted for its many scenic spots, including Qingfeng Gorge, Aiwan Pavilion, Lushan Temple, Yunlu Palace, the White Crane Spring and the Flying Stone.
Written by: Fiona M.
Taken from many sources